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斐濟南部海域再地震 強度5.3級

據美國地質勘探局網站最新消息指出,斐濟南部海域周三(12 月18日)晚上8時19分許,發生5.3級地震,震源深度167.5公里。 資料顯示,去年斐濟在8月19日發生黎克特制8.2級地震,位置接近湯加(Tonga),震後暫無損毀報告。大地震頻生,主要是因為斐濟坐落在俗稱「火環」(Ring of Fire)的環太平洋地震帶,日本、台灣、印尼及美國西岸等,都位處這個地震帶。全球約80%的地震,都發生在「火環」,也有超過450座火山,以至區內的地震及火山活動眾多。 斐濟位於南太平洋,萬那杜以東、東加以西、吐瓦魯以南的群島國家,總面積(含海域面積)為194000平方公里,其中10%面積為陸地。斐濟包含322個島嶼,主要為珊瑚礁環繞的火山島,其中只有三分之一是有人居住。最大的島嶼為維提島與瓦努阿島。首都蘇瓦位於維提島上;四分之三的人口也居住在維提島。該島多山,最高峰托馬尼維峰(Tomaniivi),海拔1324米,並有熱帶雨林。其他重要城鎮有納迪、薩武薩武與勞托卡。

澳洲所得稅負擔全球第二高

澳洲政府向市民及企業收取稅收,以支付衛生、教育、國防公路和鐵路社會保障和其他Centrelink福利金,但最新資料顯示,澳洲個人所得稅和商業利潤稅負總額,高居全球34個主要經濟體中第二位。 經濟合作與發展組織(OECD)最新公布的國際稅收報告顯示,澳洲本地公司正在向政府金庫支付全球第三高的稅收份額。 在此之前,本周疲弱的經濟資料顯示,商業投資在9月季度有所萎縮,並且企業要求政府提供稅收優惠,以增加資本支出,提振經濟增長。 而個人所得稅的稅負也攀升至政府總收入的40.3%,僅次於2017年北歐的福利國家丹麥,政府將在未來五年內逐步削減所得稅,把個人所得稅和商業利潤稅加在一起,澳洲聯邦和各州收入的58.8%都來自於此,遠高於經合組織的平均水準34%。 該報告強調了澳洲如何嚴重依賴個人所得商業利潤和房產稅,根據OECD的《1965-2018年收入統計》,與其他國家的其他類似增值稅相比,澳洲政府從商品和服務稅(GST)中獲得的收入只有其他國家的一半,澳洲為12.2%,其他國家為20.2%。

‘Porn block’ companies seek £3m in damages

©AFPFour companies that were developing age verification schemes for pornography websites are seeking damages after the government scrapped the idea. The plans would have forced adult websites to verify users' ages or face being blocked in the UK. Culture Secretary Baroness Morgan scrapped the scheme in October 2019 amid a...

Article 13: UK will not implement EU copyright law

©Getty ImagesUniversities and Science Minister Chris Skidmore has said that the UK will not implement the EU Copyright Directive after the country leaves the EU.Several companies have criticised the law, which would hold them accountable for not removing copyrighted content uploaded by users, if it is passed.EU member states have...

Met Police to deploy facial recognition cameras

Police have already run trials of facial recognition cameras in London ©PA MediaThe Metropolitan Police has announced it will use live facial recognition cameras operationally for the first time on London streets.The cameras will be in use for five to six hours at a time, with bespoke lists of suspects wanted...

Watch Dogs Legion: Click goes inside the post-Brexit game

使用浏览器播视频/view video in browserIn a world first, BBC Click’s Marc Cieslak has interviewed the creator of Watch Dogs: Legion inside the video game itself. Developed at Ubisoft’s Toronto Studio, the same technology used to create the game was employed to create an interview which takes place inside a virtual London.The game...

Facebook and YouTube moderators sign PTSD disclosure

©Getty ImagesContent moderators are being asked to sign forms stating they understand the job could cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to reports.The Financial Times and The Verge reported moderators for Facebook and YouTube, hired by the contractor Accenture, were sent the documents.Moderators monitor objectionable materials and often view hundreds...